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Solar Modules


  • ENF Solar- global list of 18,326 Individual Panels, certifications, specs.
  • Photon Magazine- 2010 Issue 2 has PV module market survey.

    a-Si -amorphous silicon


    • Bangkok Solar, not on markets.
    • Canon Inc.- on TSE, CAJ on NYSE, formerly involved in Unisolar with Energy Conversion Devices prior to 2000. Kyosei introduced by Chairman in 1988. 2008 has a-Si thin film.
    • (M,C,W)Conergy AG- WKN 604002, symbol CGY on ETR, FSE, BER, MUN, STU, DUS, HAM;, ISIN DE0006040025; CEYHF on OTC, O19Q on AIM; world's largest solar company. home power systems. building large solar parks in Europe, solar PV and thermal systems, inverters. March 2005 IPO. distributor of Unisolar products. SunTechnics subsidiary has solar thermal systems. 2007 building factory for 2008 production of 300MW wafers, 275MW cells, 250MW modules at Frankfurt/Oder., 2007 bought ETI (Alberta design and installation co).
    • DuPont-DD on NYSE, makes chemicals and backing paper for panels, 2008 to open a research centre in Hong Kong and an a-Si amorphous silicon thin film PV production plant in Shenzhen.
    • ErSol Solar Energy AG- WKN 662753, symbol ES6, ISIN DE0006627532 on ETR,FSE,BER,MUN,STU,DUS,HAM; OFPQ on AIM, ERSLF on NASDAQ; 09/2005 IPO, 2008 to be bought by Robert Bosch (private co). ErSol makes 60MW/yr -to expand to 220MW/yr by 08 at Arnstadt, + 100MW at Erfurt- of thin film mono and multicrystalline silicon solar cells, 07/2005 bought Asi Industries GmbH -25MW/yr to expand to 100MW/yr- of monocrystaline ingots and wafers. 280 employees. contracts with MSK Corp (Japan), Solon, Solarwatt. has cells that use a three bus system. ErSol (35%) jv with Shanghai Electric Solar Energy Ltd (55%) for 6MW production and supply of modules in China.
    • Fuji Electric Holdings Co. Ltd.- 6504 on TSE, 7MW now- 30MW by 09 flexible amorphous silicon cells manufacturer. plus LonWorks partnership with Echelon.
    • (M)General Electric- GE on NYSE, WKN 851144 on FSE, 2004 buys assets of bankrupt AstroPower. building 11MW power plant at Serpa Port, Portugal with PowerLight Corp and Catavento Lda using 52,000 PV modules, 124 miles SE of Lisbon. GE Financial Services buys 80% of see-Solar Millennium Beteilungen GmbH, a holding co with the opportunity to participate in 5 parabolic trough solar thermal power plants. GE is part of USCAP-United States Climate Action Partnership.
    • (C)Gintech Energy Corp-3514 on TPE, Taiwan, Dec 06 IPO on Taiwan Emerging Stock Market, mono + multi crystalline solar cells. 2008-PV production line from see-Centrotherm.
    • Kaneka Corp-code 4118 on TSE, 30MW thin film pv power systems, 55MW by 07. new-See-Through PV Modules.
    • Kyocera Corperation- local code 6971 on TSE, KYO on NYSE, WKN 860614 on Xetra, 350MW PV panels. 2007-building to double production. see also Kyocera Solar Inc. solar business since 1975, world's #2 solar cell co in 2003.'Econoroots Wide' a 10-13kW solar power gen system for gas stations, small business., good looking Solar Grove (TM) system built on parking lots-12 year payback period. 24MW plant in Czech Rep. expanding Mexico module plant from 35MW to 150MW by 2011.
    • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd.- 7011 on TSE, 40MW amorphous silicon solar cell plant at Nagasaki, inverters, 18% efficient solar cells developed. see also wind.
    • Moser Baer India Ltd-code 517140 on BSE, also goes by name MBPV. CD/DVD/magnetic data storage co, 2006- 80MW CPV plant/agent/distributor of SolFocus CPV panels. Sept 06 buys stake in see-Solaria. see-Applied Materials to build 250MW Thin Film solar module plant for MBPV in New Delhi.
    • Powerfilm Inc-IPO on AIM, developer + manufacturer of amorphous-silicon thin-film cells, flex solar panels, BIPV solar products.
    • Sanyo Electric Co.- 6764 on TSE, WKN 856548 on FSE, world's 1st commercial production of amorphous silicon solar cells in 1980, Sanyo Solar Industries Co.- world's #4 solar cell producer, has pv modules. SolarArk museum and education facility in Gifu Japan. see Sanyo Solar. See also: Sanyo Batteries-batteries.
    • Sinonar Corp- Code 8036 on TPE, Taiwan, 50MW amorphous thin film cell + panel production for watch, radio, chargers, PV systems. first 3MW a-SI cells in 1988.
    • Shenzhen Topray Solar-002218 on SHE, February 2008 IPO, solar modules- monocrystalline and amorphous, chargers, water pumps, garden lights.
    • Solar Integrated Technologies-SIT on AIM, May 12, 2004 AIM floatation 7.2 M shares @ 1.71p. WKN AOB5U8, symbol TMB, ISIN USU8340P1031 on ETR,FSE; LA co. making flexible thin-film amorphous silicon PV cell BIPV roofing membrane, solar tents, solar carports. strategic alliance with ECD/UniSolar. Stuart Energy is a partner. Buys into Dachland GmbH of Germany, a leading green and solar roofer. $13M contract from Tesco in California to install world's largest solar roofing system.
    • Suntech Power Holdings Co. Ltd.-STP on NYSE, WKN BOPO1N4, Symbol STP, ISIN US86800C1045, on ETR,FSE,BER,MUN,STU; China co., one of top IPO's of 2005. 150MW solar cell production from 6 production lines. 270MW module production. bought MSK of Japan-makes BIPV roofing products. 50MW thin film cell plant for 2009 at Caohejing Hi-tech Park in Shanghai planned.
    • Solartron- SOLAR on SET Thailand, IPO March 30 2005, 30MW solar panel assembly line, 2007 jv with Grundflos of Denmark to install solar water pumps. Shell PV products dealer + assembler, BP contract, solar systems for phones, rural battery charging systems, water pumping. Also has two listings on markets in Germany- Solartron PCL Reg Shares (Foreign) BA 1- WKN A0D9V8, symbol TUUF, ISIN TH0831010010 on BER; and Solartron PCL Reg Shares (NVDRS) BA 1- WKN A0EAJ9, symbol TUU, ISIN TH0831010R16 also on BER. 3000 systems installed since 1986.
    • Thai Photovoltaics Ltd.- web site not working, not on stock markets, can be invested in through Asirus Solar Int'l of Cayman Islands. -direct equity private placement possible. Plans to build a thin film amorphous silicon solarcell manufacturing plant in Thailand. 5% of production goes to charities, +5% to NGO's on cost plus, great goals for a start-up, chook dee to TPV. but why is website not working.
    • Usha Ltd- code 517146 on BSE, Indias largest export house of semiconductors. makes 9-37 Watt modules.
    • Genesis, Inventux, Photo Voltaic Industries, Polar Photovoltaics, Sontor, Schott, Sunfilm, Tianjin Jinneng Solar- not on markets.

    a-Si/c-Si -amorphous silicon/mono-crystalline silicon tandem junction cells


    • TCO-Transparent Conductive Oxide process, unique to see-Oerlikon Corporation AG
    • CMC Magnetics Corp-2323 on TPE, makes magnetic storage devices-CDs, DVDs, 2007 buys 40MWp thin film solar cell production line from see-Oerlikon, 2008-subsidiary Sunwell has 1X60MW and 1X120MW, goal is 1GW production.
    • Equation Corp Limited-SGX on Sesdaq, Singapore, subs Solar Morph Pte Ltd plans 20MW thin film (Applied Materials equipment) by mid 2008, to expand to 60MW by 2010, also recycle system for electronic waste, property/restaurants.
    • ErSol Solar Energy AG- WKN 662753, symbol ES6, Ersol + Schott Solar Thin Film to develop combo amorphous/microcrystalline
    • KSK Power Ventur Plc-KSK on LON, 150MW thinfilm SunFab in India. owns 55% of see-KSK Energy Ventures Limited.
    • Moser Baer India Ltd-code 517140 on BSE, also goes by name MBPV. CD/DVD/magnetic data storage co, 2006- 80MW CPV plant/agent/distributor of SolFocus CPV panels. Sept 06 buys stake in see-Solaria. see-Applied Materials to build 250MW Thin Film solar module plant for MBPV in New Delhi.
    • Oerlikon Corporation AG-UNAX on SWX, OERL on VTX Viena, Swiss co. PV thin film production lines for tandem junction amorphous silicon modules, surface coating, vacuum production equipment. rebranded from see-Unaxis. 2008-to open Singapore facility.
    • Sanyo Electric Co.- 6764 on TSE, WKN 856548 on FSE, world's 1st commercial production of amorphous silicon solar cells in 1980, Sanyo Solar Industries Co.- world's #4 solar cell producer, has pv modules. SolarArk museum and education facility in Gifu Japan. see Sanyo Solar. See also: Sanyo Batteries-batteries.
    • Yingli Green Energy Holding Co-YGE on NYSE, 2007 IPO, 100MW modules, 90MW solar cells, 95MW ingots + wafers, panels, systems, 11-1-2002 installed a GT Solar turnkey GT-CELFAB PV cell line, 2007-3rd expansion to 400MW planned (wafers/cells/modules), 600MW by 2010. 2008-46.5MW thin film production line from Oerlikon.

    c-Si -mono-crystalline silicon


    • Aleo Solar-WKN AOJM63, ISIN DE000A0JM634, Code AS1 on FSE, July 14, 2006 IPO. ODVT on AIM, 100MW/yr PV modules, expand to 180MW in 2008. cells from Q-Cells, sales to PowerLight, Endesa, Gamesa. 4MW modules (24,000 modules) to Solartia Solar Farm in Viana Spain. CIGS thin film investment in Johanna Solar Technology GmbH.
    • (C)BIG SUN Energy Technology Incorporation-3566 on TPO, 90MW mono + multi crystalline solar cells, to expand to 270MW. + jv in China 30-60MW planned.
    • Canadian Solar Inc-CSIQ on NASDAQ, Nov. 9, 2006 IPO. 7.7M shares @ $15. China based company incorporated in Canada. formerly a distributor (CSI Solartronics Ltd) of see-Photowatt products in China. see-ATS is a major shareholder. expanding-250MW module plant end 2007 in Changshu, China.
    • Centrosolar Group AG-WKN 514850, symbol C3O, on ETR, FSE, BER, MUN, STU; ISIN DE0005148506; end 2005 IPO; CEOLF on OTC, OECX on AIM; was Centrosolar AG, name change take effect September 1, 2007. bought see-Solara AG 13 Jan 2006, Solara is a long established solar co with 35Million Euro revenues, 2006 bought Solarstocc AG. has jv (10%) in Asia with Jumao Photonics Co Ltd, an OEM module manufacturer;. PV complete energy systems, modules, mounting systems. distribution to 45 countries. 2005 bought Solarsquare AG- 33MW modules with cells from see-Q-Cells. by end 2009 will have a 100MW crystalline cell factory in Portugal with see-Qimonda. Centrosolar is a 43.8% owned by see-Centrotec.
    • China Sunergy-CSUN ADR on NASDAQ, May 13, 2007 IPO. see-CEEG. 192MW mono + multi crystalline PV cells, panels, inverters, charge controllers.
    • Day4 Energy-DFE on TSX, December 2007 IPO, PV panels, modules, 90MW by end 2008.
    • DelSolar Co-3599 on TPO, Taiwan, November 2007 IPO, design, manufacture, + distribution of solar cells. no relation to above Deli Solar.
    • ErSol Solar Energy AG- WKN 662753, symbol ES6, ISIN DE0006627532 on ETR,FSE,BER,MUN,STU,DUS,HAM; OFPQ on AIM, ERSLF on NASDAQ; 09/2005 IPO, 2008 to be bought by Robert Bosch (private co). ErSol makes 60MW/yr -to expand to 220MW/yr by 08 at Arnstadt, + 100MW at Erfurt- of thin film mono and multicrystalline silicon solar cells, 07/2005 bought Asi Industries GmbH -25MW/yr to expand to 100MW/yr- of monocrystaline ingots and wafers. 280 employees. contracts with MSK Corp (Japan), Solon, Solarwatt. has cells that use a three bus system. ErSol (35%) jv with Shanghai Electric Solar Energy Ltd (55%) for 6MW production and supply of modules in China.
    • Powerfilm Inc-IPO on AIM, developer + manufacturer of amorphous-silicon thin-film cells, flex solar panels, BIPV solar products.
    • (M)Ekarat Engineering Plc-AKR on SET, Stock Exchange of Thailand, IPO August 8 2006 @2.90Baht. makes transformers, Thailand co. 15MW mono and polycrystalline PV module production facility.
    • (C)E-Ton Solar Tech Co. Ltd.-code 3452 on TPE, IPO in 2005, 200MW/year monocrystalline cell producer by 2007.
    • (C)Gintech Energy Corp-3514 on TPE, Taiwan, Dec 06 IPO on Taiwan Emerging Stock Market, mono + multi crystalline solar cells. 2008-PV production line from see-Centrotherm.
    • Green Energy Technology Inc Ltd-code 3519, symbol-GET, on TPE-Taiwan Emerging Stocks list. mono crystalline wafers + multi crystalline ingots + wafers. 25-30MW May 05, 13 furnaces. 80-90MW end 06, 20 furnaces. #1 wafer provider in Taiwan. 2007- thin film solar module production line from see-Applied Materials.
    • JA Solar Holdings Co-JASO ADRs on NASDAQ, each ADR=3 shares. March 19, 2007 IPO, monocrystalline solar cells. 4 new lines, 175MW total.
    • Jetion Holdings-JHL on AIM, 50MW ingots to modules, 100MW in 2008, China production.
    • Khandelwal Solar Power Ltd- look for IPO, share application form on site. part of Khandelwal Group. plans 100MW monocrystalline and multicrystalline cells at Pithampun India.
    • Matsushita Battery Industrial, mono + multi crystalline, CdTe thin film.
    • Moser Baer India Ltd-code 517140 on BSE, also goes by name MBPV. CD/DVD/magnetic data storage co, 2006- 80MW CPV plant/agent/distributor of SolFocus CPV panels. Sept 06 buys stake in see-Solaria. see-Applied Materials to build 250MW Thin Film solar module plant for MBPV in New Delhi.
    • MOTECH Taiwan Automatic Corp- code 8189 on TPE Emerging Companies List (was once 6244.TWO on Taiwan OTC). IPO March 2003., 200MW solar cells/year end 2006. high end test + measurement equipment, solar division in 1999, 11th largest solar cell manufacturer in 2003, 9th largest in 2005, 2005- 200MW/year of single and multi crystalline cells, power division, PV installation, into China. 2006 jv with MEMC in silicon wafer plant?, wafer supply from REC.
    • Neo Solar Power Corp-3576 on TPO, mon & multi crystalline cells, thin film tandem junction, subsidiary of see-Powerchip Semiconductor Corp.
    • Neo Solar Co Ltd-036610 on KDQ, not solar, included because name similar to see-Neo Solar Power Corp of Taiwan confusion possible.
    • Origin Energy-ORG on ASX, 2nd largest energy co, gas, electric in Australia, plans 75MW SilverCell modules, 50 microns thin monocrystalline cells using 90% less silicon.
    • Pan Jit International Inc.-2481 on TPE, rectifier diodes + transient voltage suppresor MOSFETS, 40MW solar wafer production in China- 20X furnaces + ingot slicing. Sept 07 bought solar module maker Jiangsu Aide Solar Energy Technology of China.
    • Perfectenergy International Ltd-PFGY on OTC, Shanghai Chaina has 15MW solar cell production line and a 25MW module lamination line.
    • Q-Cells- WKN 555866, symbol QCE, ISIN DE0005558662, on Xetra, FSE, others, OFR5 on AIM; IPO October 2005, top cell producer in Europe, #2 worldwide in 06, #1 in 07. manufacturer of mono and poly crystalline solar cells, 75MW capacity/year, $130M revenue. invested in see-CSG Solar of Australia. invested in see-Solaria. jv with see-Evergreen Solar and see-REC in EverQ cell plant in Germany. has 67.5% of Solibro GmbH- 25-30MW CIGS.
    • Qimonda AG-QI1A on FSE, QI ADR on NYSE, semiconductor and memory products co. by end 2009 will have a 100MW crystalline solar cell factory in Portugal with see-Centrosolar.
    • REC ASA-REC on OSE (Oslo), May 9, 2006 IPO, worlds' #1 maker of solar grade silicon (REC Silicon) and #1 for wafers (REC Wafers), in top 20 for solar cells, modules, and systems. Only co that is fully integrated from sand to sun. 33.3% partner in EverQ with Q Cells and Evergreen Solar. owns SGSil, SGSil=jv of 25% Advanced Silicon Materials LLC (was a subsidiary of Komatsu Ltd, sold to see-Sumco) and 75% Silicon Technologie AS (subsidiary of REC). expanding production of Silane gas to 29,000MT, polysilicon to 19,500MT by 2010 in US, + wafers to 1400MW by 2010.
    • Reliance Industries Ltd.-500325 on BSE, wafers & PV.
    • Risan Energy Co LT 'A'CNY1-300118 on ChiNext - SHE, Sept 2, 2010 IPO, 75MW proj planned, 800 million yuan on crystalline solar cell project. mono + polycrystalline PV.
    • Shanghai Chaori Solar (TBC)- IPO planned under name of Letian Group Co Ltd. jv of Chaori and Oceanic Semiconductor. Chaori makes mono and multicrystalline cells and systems.
    • Sharp Corporation-6753 on TSE, worlds' #1 largest in 06, #2 in 07 (see-Q-Cells), 428MW March 05, 2007/8 building 1000MW/year thin film solar cell plant. +110 expansion at Wrexham, solar panel manufacturer. Has openned a USA shop and a 220MW mono + polycrystalline plant in Wrexham, North Wales. treatment of wastewater from semiconductor plants. Building a 1GW plant in Japan.
    • Shenzhen Topray Solar-002218 on SHE, February 2008 IPO, solar modules- monocrystalline and amorphous, chargers, water pumps, garden lights.
    • Shunfeng Photovoltaic- 1165 on HKSE, June 2011 IPO, monocrystalline cells
    • Solarfun-SOLF on NYSE, Jiangsu, China co. 50MW solar cells, solar modules, mono-crystalline PV.
    • Solar Applied Materials Technology Co-1785 on Taiwan, sputtering thin film equipment
    • Solartech Energy Corp-3561 on TPE, 70MW Jiangxi Solar PV a jv of Solartech + ?-Solar PV (USA HQ)
    • SolarWorld Ag- WKN 510840, IPO 23.11.1999, on ETR,FSE,BER,MUN,STU,DUS,HAM, also on Paris, OG6P on AIM, SRWRF on NASDAQ; world's largest solar systems plus panel manufacturing- 1GW by 2010. Also has option to invest in bonds for 7 years at 7% at site. buys Shell's crystalline solar business in 2005. building 500MW wafer and mono-crystalline cell Solar Factory in Hillsboro, Oregon. subsidiary Deutsche Solar makes wafers.
    • SOLON Ag- WKN 747119 since Oct 18, 2002 (was WKN 724630 before-since 22.10.1998), symbol S001 on FSE, ETR, others, SGFRF on OTC, OHX1 + OG3C on AIM, ISIN DE0007471195 after 2:1 consolodation in October 2002.(was until Oct.02 WKN 724630 on Frankfurt), producer of 60 MW/year of solar systems 180-500 Watt. Germanys biggest solar module manufacturer. to buy $300 Million , 5 year supply of SunPower high efficient A-300 solar cells to be used on 9-10 kW 'Solon-Mover" arrays. March 2006 acquires Global Solar Energy Inc from UniSource Energy for $16M. Global Solar has 2MW thin film production, 2006 invests (19%)in Blue Chip Energy GmbH with 20MW capacity.
    • SunPower Corporation-SPWR on NASDAQ, IPO in fall of 2005 (7.7M shares @ $18); 06/2006 second share offering announced of 7m shares @ $29.50; SunPower is a subsidiary of Cypress Semiconductor Corp-CY on NYSE. has 25MW solar cell plant in Manilla- plans to expand to 75MW, has 5 year contract to supply Solon, also parabolic solar energy collectors. M.Setek silicon supply agreement, $300m/5yr supply contract with SOLON, $330m supply contract with PowerLight.
    • Sunvim Group Co Ltd-002083 on SHE, crystalline PV molules and projects, shares in Johanna Solar.
    • Tatung Co- Code 2371 on TPE, large electronics co. Subsidiary Green Energy Technology has a 25MW wafer production line bought from GT Solar in 2004. to develop complete vertical integration ingots to modules.
    • Tokyo Electron-8035 on TSE, to build thin film factory with see-Sharp.
    • Topco Scientific Co Ltd- 5434 on TPE, crystalline wafers, module manufacturer by end 2006.
    • Trina Solar Energy-TSL ADR on NYSE, IPO 5.3M ADRs Dec 06 @$18.50 one ADS=100 ord shares, China co, founded 1998, 60MW/yr solar modules, in 2002 built 40 solar power stations in Tibet for Chinese National Brightness Program, Mono-Crystalline Ingots, 30MW solar wafer, solar modules, PV systems.
    • Webel Solar- Code 517498 on BSE, India co with 5MW capacity of monocrystalline solar cell manufacturing.
    • Yingli Green Energy Holding Co-YGE on NYSE, 2007 IPO, 100MW modules, 90MW solar cells, 95MW ingots + wafers, panels, systems, 11-1-2002 installed a GT Solar turnkey GT-CELFAB PV cell line, 2007-3rd expansion to 400MW planned (wafers/cells/modules), 600MW by 2010. see-Baoding Tianwei Baodian Electric Co.
    • Zhejiang Sunflower Light Energy Sci 'A'CNY1-300111 on ChiNext - SHE, 200MW/year monocrystalline cells + modules. Sunowe Photovoltaic brand.

    mc-Si -multi-crystalline silicon


    • Aleo Solar-WKN AOJM63, ISIN DE000A0JM634, Code AS1 on FSE, July 14, 2006 IPO. ODVT on AIM, 100MW/yr PV modules, expand to 180MW in 2008. cells from Q-Cells, sales to PowerLight, Endesa, Gamesa. 4MW modules (24,000 modules) to Solartia Solar Farm in Viana Spain. CIGS thin film investment in Johanna Solar Technology GmbH.
    • (C)BIG SUN Energy Technology Incorporation-3566 on TPO, 90MW mono + multi crystalline solar cells, to expand to 270MW. + jv in China 30-60MW planned.
    • China Sunergy-CSUN ADR on NASDAQ, May 13, 2007 IPO. see-CEEG. 192MW mono + multi crystalline PV cells, panels, inverters, charge controllers.
    • DelSolar Co-3599 on TPO, Taiwan, November 2007 IPO, design, manufacture, + distribution of solar cells. no relation to above Deli Solar.
    • ErSol Solar Energy AG- WKN 662753, symbol ES6, ISIN DE0006627532 on ETR,FSE,BER,MUN,STU,DUS,HAM; OFPQ on AIM, ERSLF on NASDAQ; 09/2005 IPO, 2008 to be bought by Robert Bosch (private co). ErSol makes 60MW/yr -to expand to 220MW/yr by 08 at Arnstadt, + 100MW at Erfurt- of thin film mono and multicrystalline silicon solar cells, 07/2005 bought Asi Industries GmbH -25MW/yr to expand to 100MW/yr- of monocrystaline ingots and wafers. 280 employees. contracts with MSK Corp (Japan), Solon, Solarwatt. has cells that use a three bus system. ErSol (35%) jv with Shanghai Electric Solar Energy Ltd (55%) for 6MW production and supply of modules in China.
    • (M)Ekarat Engineering Plc-AKR on SET, Stock Exchange of Thailand, IPO August 8 2006 @2.90Baht. makes transformers, Thailand co. 15MW mono and polycrystalline PV module production facility.
    • (C)Gintech Energy Corp-3514 on TPE, Taiwan, Dec 06 IPO on Taiwan Emerging Stock Market, mono + multi crystalline solar cells. 2008-PV production line from see-Centrotherm.
    • Green Energy Technology Inc Ltd-code 3519, symbol-GET, on TPE-Taiwan Emerging Stocks list. mono crystalline wafers + multi crystalline ingots + wafers. 25-30MW May 05, 13 furnaces. 80-90MW end 06, 20 furnaces. #1 wafer provider in Taiwan. 2007- thin film solar module production line from see-Applied Materials.
    • Khandelwal Solar Power Ltd- look for IPO, share application form on site. part of Khandelwal Group. plans 100MW monocrystalline and multicrystalline cells at Pithampun India.
    • Matsushita Battery Industrial, mono + multi crystalline, CdTe thin film.
    • Mitsubishi Electric Co- 6503 on TSE, 130MW of polycrystalline solar cell production.
    • Moser Baer India Ltd-code 517140 on BSE, also goes by name MBPV. CD/DVD/magnetic data storage co, 2006- 80MW CPV plant/agent/distributor of SolFocus CPV panels. Sept 06 buys stake in see-Solaria. see-Applied Materials to build 250MW Thin Film solar module plant for MBPV in New Delhi.
    • MOTECH Taiwan Automatic Corp- code 8189 on TPE Emerging Companies List (was once 6244.TWO on Taiwan OTC). IPO March 2003., 200MW solar cells/year end 2006. high end test + measurement equipment, solar division in 1999, 11th largest solar cell manufacturer in 2003, 9th largest in 2005, 2005- 200MW/year of single and multi crystalline cells, power division, PV installation, into China. 2006 jv with MEMC in silicon wafer plant?, wafer supply from REC.
    • Neo Solar Power Corp-3576 on TPE, March 2008 IPO, manufacturer + distributor of solar cells, mono + multi, for consumer electronics. Started in 2005 by DRAM chipmaker Powerchip Semiconductor Corp-5346 on TPE. 30MW capacity to grow to 510MW by 2009.
    • Perfectenergy International Ltd-PFGY on OTC, Shanghai Chaina has 15MW solar cell production line and a 25MW module lamination line.
    • Q-Cells- WKN 555866, symbol QCE, ISIN DE0005558662, on Xetra, FSE, others, OFR5 on AIM; IPO October 2005, top cell producer in Europe, #2 worldwide in 06, #1 in 07. manufacturer of mono and poly crystalline solar cells, 75MW capacity/year, $130M revenue. invested in see-CSG Solar of Australia. invested in see-Solaria. jv with see-Evergreen Solar and see-REC in EverQ cell plant in Germany. has 67.5% of Solibro GmbH- 25-30MW CIGS.
    • REC ASA-REC on OSE (Oslo), May 9, 2006 IPO, worlds' #1 maker of solar grade silicon (REC Silicon) and #1 for wafers (REC Wafers), in top 20 for solar cells, modules, and systems. Only co that is fully integrated from sand to sun. 33.3% partner in EverQ with Q Cells and Evergreen Solar. owns SGSil, SGSil=jv of 25% Advanced Silicon Materials LLC (was a subsidiary of Komatsu Ltd, sold to see-Sumco) and 75% Silicon Technologie AS (subsidiary of REC). expanding production of Silane gas to 29,000MT, polysilicon to 19,500MT by 2010 in US, + wafers to 1400MW by 2010.
    • Risan Energy Co LT 'A'CNY1-300118 on ChiNext - SHE, Sept 2, 2010 IPO, 75MW proj planned, 800 million yuan on crystalline solar cell project. mono + polycrystalline PV.
    • Shanghai Chaori Solar (TBC)- IPO planned under name of Letian Group Co Ltd. jv of Chaori and Oceanic Semiconductor. Chaori makes mono and multicrystalline cells and systems.
    • Sharp Corporation-6753 on TSE, worlds' #1 largest in 06, #2 in 07 (see-Q-Cells), 428MW March 05, 2007/8 building 1000MW/year thin film solar cell plant. +110 expansion at Wrexham, solar panel manufacturer. Has openned a USA shop and a 220MW mono + polycrystalline plant in Wrexham, North Wales. treatment of wastewater from semiconductor plants. Building a 1GW plant in Japan.
    • Solar Applied Materials Technology Co-1785 on Taiwan, sputtering thin film equipment
    • Solartech Energy Corp-3561 on TPE, 70MW Jiangxi Solar PV a jv of Solartech + ?-Solar PV (USA HQ)
    • Sunvim Group Co Ltd-002083 on SHE, crystalline PV molules and projects, shares in Johanna Solar.
    • Total ASA- TOT on NYSE, FP on Euronext Paris, Large oil co with some wind and solar- PV- Photovoltech-82MW/year multicrystalline cell production by 2008, and Tenesol-PV panels.
    • Evergreen Solar- ESLR on NASDAQ, WKN 578949 on Xetra, string ribbon solar cells factory in USA. also has a jv (33.3%-was 75.1%) with (see) Q-Cells (33.3% was 24.9%) and REC (33.3%) in EverQ- a 30 MW factory in Thalheim Germany, 300MW by 2010. 4/27/06 first shipment. building new thin-ribbon plant in USA. supply from and invested in by see-DC Chemical. 2007- 15M shares in secondary public offering @$8.25 May 2007.
    • Q-Cells- WKN 555866, symbol QCE, ISIN DE0005558662, on Xetra, FSE, others, OFR5 on AIM; IPO October 2005, top cell producer in Europe, #2 worldwide in 06, #1 in 07. manufacturer of mono and poly crystalline solar cells, 75MW capacity/year, $130M revenue. invested in see-CSG Solar of Australia. invested in see-Solaria. jv with see-Evergreen Solar and see-REC in EverQ cell plant in Germany. has 67.5% of Solibro GmbH- 25-30MW CIGS.
    • REC ASA-REC on OSE (Oslo), May 9, 2006 IPO, worlds' #1 maker of solar grade silicon (REC Silicon) and #1 for wafers (REC Wafers), in top 20 for solar cells, modules, and systems. Only co that is fully integrated from sand to sun. 33.3% partner in EverQ with Q Cells and Evergreen Solar. owns SGSil, SGSil=jv of 25% Advanced Silicon Materials LLC (was a subsidiary of Komatsu Ltd, sold to see-Sumco) and 75% Silicon Technologie AS (subsidiary of REC). expanding production of Silane gas to 29,000MT, polysilicon to 19,500MT by 2010 in US, + wafers to 1400MW by 2010.

    CdTe -Cadmium Telluride


    • Cd-Te compound, Cadmium Telluride. Cd is very toxic, one article run across said something about the Cd-Te bond being strong and hence not as big a trouble as free Cadmium. In the 80's one of the few solar companies on stock markets, Canrom, made CdTe cells/panels and hence was subject to concern over this issue. First Solar has devoted a lot of attention to this issue as per info about it on their website.
    • Apollo Solar, no web, ASOE on OTC, miner of Tellurium (Te) used in thin film, China mine in Sichuan Province, formerly Wincroft Inc, Nov 3 2008 name change, contemplates 10GW solar power at Ninqguo City to create a solar city, April 23, 2010.
    • 5N Plus Inc-VNP on TSX, tellurium stock material for CdTe.
    • First Solar-FSLR on NASDAQ, Nov 2006 IPO. US co of note manufactures solar panels using Cadmium Telluride, a technology that goes back to the early 80's. Cadmium is highly toxic and requires monitoring when these panels ever get recycled. First Solar has insurances and recycle proceedures in place, but needs to be fool proof or a CdTe solar panel is not actually an environmentally beneficial product. First Solar investing RM2B (US$650M) in Malaysia to build the largest solar panel manufacturing plant in Asia. 2011- 8 lines at Kulim, Malaysia, + 2011 planning a plant in Vietnam.
    • Sunovia Energy Technologies Inc-SUNV on NASDAQ OTCBB, solar EvoLucia (tm) lights, CdTe solar PV in development.
    • Matsushita Battery Industrial, mono + multi crystalline, CdTe thin film.
    • Calyxo-not on markets

    CIS -Cu-In-Se2 compound, Copper Indium diSelenide


    • Showa Shell Solar KK- Subsidiary of Showa Shell Sekiyuki KK-code 5002 on Tokyo, gas/petroleum co. also CIS thin film solar modules (CIS=CuInSe2=Copper indium diselenide) 20MW production by 2007 at Miyazaki plant.
    • Wurth Solar, not on markets.
    • Avancis, Global Solar, Honda Soltec, Johanna Solar, Odersun, Scheuten, Solibro, Sulfurcell, VHF. CIS not on markets.

    CIGS -Cu-In-Ga-Se compound


    • One Leader, Lots of Consolidation as CIGS Market Emerges-by James Montgomery, News Editor, Photovoltaics World, January 25, 2012
    • Aleo Solar-WKN AOJM63, ISIN DE000A0JM634, Code AS1 on FSE, July 14, 2006 IPO. ODVT on AIM, 100MW/yr PV modules, expand to 180MW in 2008. cells from Q-Cells, sales to PowerLight, Endesa, Gamesa. 4MW modules (24,000 modules) to Solartia Solar Farm in Viana Spain. CIGS thin film investment in Johanna Solar Technology GmbH.
    • Ascent Solar Technologies Inc.-ASTI on NASDAQ, 1.5MW CIGS demonstration plant. thin film CIGS layer on flex high temp plastic substrate. tech inherited from ITN Energy Wystems Inc, see-Moser Baer invested Ascent in 2006.
    • Boeing Spectrolab
    • China Nuvo Solar Energy Inc.-CNUV on OTC. no web. CIGS thin film pilot line. formerly Interactive Games Inc. US co, not China.
    • CMC Magnetics Corp- 2323 on TPE, makes magnetic storage devices-CDs, DVDs, 2007 buys 40MWp thin film solar cell production line from see-Oerlikon.
    • Daystar- DSTI on NASDAQ, +DSTIW + DSTI2, USA co planning to make foil based thin film, copper-indium-gallium-selenide (CIGS) solar cells.
    • Honda Motor Co. Ltd- 7267 on TSE, Tokyo, Cu-In-Ga-Se (CIGS) compound thin film solar cells developed by Honda R&D Co.Ltd., start 27.5MW/year at Komatomo Plant in 2007.
    • Neo Material Technologies Inc-NEM on TSX, rare earths and other powders, includes gallium and indium.
    • Q-Cells- WKN 555866, symbol QCE, ISIN DE0005558662, on Xetra, FSE, others, OFR5 on AIM; IPO October 2005, top cell producer in Europe, #2 worldwide in 06, #1 in 07. manufacturer of mono and poly crystalline solar cells, 75MW capacity/year, $130M revenue. invested in see-CSG Solar of Australia. invested in see-Solaria. jv with see-Evergreen Solar and see-REC in EverQ cell plant in Germany. has 67.5% of Solibro GmbH- 25-30MW CIGS.
    • Ritek Corporation-2349 on TPE, optical discs, jv with Scheuten Solar for CIGS PV called PV Next.
    • Shell Solar- SC on NYSE, early investor in solar, also windfarms. with 57,912 solar modules is building the world's largest solar park in Passan, Bavaria, Germany. January 2002- buys out partners Siemens Solar and E.ON in solar j.v. Siemens und Shell Solar GmbH. 2005 sells crystalline solar business to see-Solar World. Working on CIGS solar tech with Avancis.
    • Shell Solar- SC on NYSE, early investor in solar, also windfarms. with 57,912 solar modules is building the world's largest solar park in Passan, Bavaria, Germany. January 2002- buys out partners Siemens Solar and E.ON in solar j.v. Siemens und Shell Solar GmbH. 2005 sells crystalline solar business to see-Solar World. Working on CIGS solar tech with Avancis.
    • TSMC-TSM on NYSE, Taiwan semiconductor co investing in CIGS startup Stion in 2010.
    • Nanosolar, not on markets, invested in by see-Mitsui + Co, 2008 starts production of CIGS PV modules in Germany, 1GW/year production line, nanoparticle ink system.

    GaAs -Galium Arsenic


    • GaAs cells are oftenused with CPV (concentrated solar power) tech due to being the highest efficiency cell, and expensive.
    • AXT, Inc-AXTI on NASDAQ, GaAs (Galium Arsenide), InP (Indium Phosphate), Ge (Germanium). using vertical gradient freeze VGF technology. Freemont California co with factory in China.
    • Emcore-EMKR on NASDAQ, GaAs cell equipment, cells, panels, sold 50% LED j.v. with GE called GELcore to GE. Nov 06 bought 26.5% of see-World Water & Power for $18M.
    • Entech Solar- ENSL on OTC.BB, name change from see-WorldWater & Solar Technologies Corp. on January 29, 2009, Entech has 20X concentrator CPVThermal tech and 50MW project in Spain.
    • Neo Material Technologies Inc-NEM on TSX, rare earths and other powders, includes gallium and indium.
    • OPEL International-OPL on TSX.V, OPELF.PK, GaAs concentrator PV panels.
    • Spire Corporation- SPIR on NASDAQ-NM, worlds leading supplier of manufacturing equipment for making pv modules. Note: confusingly similar is Spire Corp. code SINQF on OTC but this is not the same. 2008-to make GaAs concentrator cells.
    • Tyntek Corporation-2426 on TPE, GaAs LEDs, infrared sensors, solar cell product line, to spin off see-TynSolar Corporation in 2007.
    • Umicore Group-UMI on Brussels, makes germanium for CSP solar cells (powering Mars rover), has new production method for high purity silicon for solar cells. also rechargeable batteries, fuel cells, N2O Abatement Catalyst, Recycling.

    III-V Multi-junction cells


    • InGaP/InGaAs/Ge are III-V
    • III-V refers to the periodic table columns III & V elements that make up the cell. more complicated for sure.
    • 3D Solar Cells-silicon wafer base, vapour deposition of carbon nanotubes, molecular beam epitaxy coated with CdTe, CdS, or other such, topped by a thin coating of indium tin oxide.
    • III-V Boeing, 2006-subsidiary Spectrolab buys 600,000 CPV panels from SolFocus. Pyron Solar Inc-Boeing-Spectrolab-Pyron Solar Generator. also see-Lion Energy.
    • Sharp Corporation- 6753 on TSE,
    • Umicore Group-UMI on Brussels, makes germanium for CSP solar cells (powering Mars rover), has new production method for high purity silicon for solar cells. also rechargeable batteries, fuel cells, N2O Abatement Catalyst, Recycling.
    • Yunnan Chihong Zinc & Germanium Co-600497 on SHA, zinc 64%, lead 24%, silver, germanium.

    CPV Panels -Concentrated PV Panels


    • Sunshine concentrated with lenses or mirrors or parabolic trough onto a PV cell is CPV.
    • for CPV using mirrors or parabolic trough or Fresnel lens, please go to CPV/CSP page.
    • CPV using lenses:
    • Amonix-CPV large commercial and industrial installations in USA and Spain.
    • III-V Boeing, 2006-subsidiary Spectrolab buys 600,000 CPV panels from SolFocus. Pyron Solar Inc-Boeing-Spectrolab-Pyron Solar Generator. also see-Lion Energy.
    • CLP Holdings Limited-code 002 on HKSE, ADR's on NYSE, holding co for CLP Group- China Light and Power, which in 2005 created CLP Renewables, committed to generating 5% of total capacity from RE by 2010. 214MW in 2006 (1.8% of total); building 154MW CPV power plant in Australia.
    • Daido Steel Co Ltd-5471 on TSE, steel co, has solar concentrator cells.
    • DongFang-600875 on SHA, license CPV tech from see-Titan, see also wind.
    • Entech Solar- ENSL on OTC.BB, has 20X concentrator CPVThermal tech.
    • Lion Energy-invest at site, solar power using Boeing-Spectrolab CSP tech.
    • Moser Baer India Ltd-code 517140 on BSE, also goes by name MBPV. CD/DVD/magnetic data storage co, 2006- 80MW CPV plant/agent/distributor of SolFocus CPV panels. Sept 06 buys stake in see-Solaria. see-Applied Materials to build 250MW Thin Film solar module plant for MBPV in New Delhi.
    • OPEL International-OPL on TSX.V, OPELF.PK, GaAs concentrator PV panels.
    • PG&E-PCG on NYSE, 550MW $1B CSP plant with Optisolar, plus 250MW CPV plant with see-SunPower, $3B to buy 900MW from 5Xsolar central tower thermal power plants built by BrightSource Energy at Broadwell dry lake.
    • Q-Cells- WKN 555866, symbol QCE, ISIN DE0005558662, on Xetra, FSE, others, OFR5 on AIM; IPO October 2005, top cell producer in Europe, #2 worldwide in 06, #1 in 07. manufacturer of mono and poly crystalline solar cells, 75MW capacity/year, $130M revenue. invested in see-CSG Solar of Australia. invested in see-Solaria. jv with see-Evergreen Solar and see-REC in EverQ cell plant in Germany. has 67.5% of Solibro GmbH- 25-30MW CIGS.
    • Solaria-not on markets, raising ven cap. uses optical concentrators to improve cell efficiency. see-Q-Cells and see-Moser Baer are investors.
    • SolFocus, Isofoton, Gusacor, Concentrix, Oz Solar-Systems, not on markets.
    • Titan Energy Worldwide Inc-TEWI on OTC, 1MW solar projects, also smart grid tech, see-DongFang.

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